Diagnosis of asthma and allergies
New equipment for the diagnosis of the type of allergen recently received regional center laboratory-based technologies Krasnodar children's hospital number 1. The issue of how to organize free examination of children. Automatic analyzer sets the kind of allergen in blood, as it is intended for the diagnosis of asthma. Daily device 400 may perform a test, the panel comprising 660 to 20 allergens and autoimmune diseases.
The University of Southampton scientists a breakthrough in the field of asthma treatment approaches that will allow to develop new ways to fight the disease. In their view, the removal of ADAM33 gene can prevent the development of asthma. The gene, which drew the attention of specialists, responsible for the production of particles that attach to the airway walls. If his "turn off" disease in rodents is eliminated. ADAM33 alters airway without causing inflammation. Further studies may lead to new methods for the treatment of bronchial asthma.
Currently, there are more "intelligent" inhalers for asthma and chronic lung disease, and manufacturers strive to outrun each other in the invention of gadgets. An urgent problem is the improper use of devices to patients with asthma and COPD. According to experts, taking medication adherence will provide savings of 19 billion dollars a year in the US alone. High-tech innovations allow you to record doses, use a variety of sensors to monitor the flow of the drug, to conduct ambient air monitoring online. The data is stored on remote servers using cloud technologies. Large manufacturers closely collaborate with IT-companies to get ahead of the competition, because, in their opinion, the ability to control the use of inhalers by physicians and patients will justify the cost of medicines to the government and insurance companies.
Johns Hopkins experts have found out - the people living near active wells with natural gas, suffer from asthma attacks in some times more frequently than others. Specialists of the data were collected from medical records in Pennsylvania for the period 2005-2012g.g. It was found that among people from asthma living in the area affected more than 35,000 people from 5 to 90 years. Most asthma attacks flowed in a gentle manner, but the 4782 episode was severe, people hospitalized. 1870 people, without the need for hospitalization, had a mild form of asthma. In addition to the effects of the gas, other possible risk factors were taken into account - accommodation near major roads, the presence of asthma and smoking relatives.Scientists want to understand the exact causes of this relationship for the development of new safety measures.
The German League for the respiratory tract (DAL) and the German Society of Pulmonology and treatment of respiratory diseases (DGP) have developed new recommendations for the treatment of asthma, based on actual observations. The old system will be retained, but adjustments will be made to it. Use of theophylline, such as now assigned with great caution and a smaller dosages. This new patients prescribed the drug is not recommended to continue treatment for people who have had it before without any complications. Patients with a mild form of the disease in order to prevent damage to the lungs recommend taking inhaled corticosteroids in small doses in asthma fifth stage to destinations added antibody mepolizumab. Patients with the disease first degree only recommended medications fenoterol, salbutamol and terbutaline. The alternative therapy with cortisone serve leukotriene receptor antagonists. Starting from the third stage of asthma, in addition to the treatment of beta-2-antagonists, short-acting, it recommended a combination of inhaled corticosteroids and formoterol. For long-term therapy experts have approved the combination of inhaled corticosteroids and beta-2-simpatomimetrikov.
Scientists came to the conclusion that the beard in men can lower the risk of asthma and allergic episodes. As a kind of filter, beard holds small particles of dust and pollen, which has a positive effect on the condition of patients with bronchial asthma. In addition, experts from the University of Southern Queensland found: on the face of the vegetation reduces the risk of skin cancer because blocks 95% of ultraviolet radiation.
Some experts believe that eating foods glyutenosoderzhaschih babies up to 6 months leads to the development of their asthma, bronchitis and diabetes. According to scientists, the child's body can not cope with gluten, which is why disrupted immune system. It is noted that the consumption of such food the child's mother to infant health is not affected.
The structure of the elusive virus associated with severe acute exacerbations of asthma and respiratory infections in children, was found by a group of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Purdue University. The findings provide the basis for the development of new antiviral drugs and vaccines. The virus is resistant to current antiviral drugs, there is no vaccine against it. It was opened 10 years ago and, according to experts, is responsible for 50-85% of all childhood hospital admissions for asthma. Studies show that people infected with the virus, have more severe symptoms of the disease. The information provides the basis for the beginning of new large research aimed at the development of vaccines and antiviral drugs, in particular, for the prevention of asthma exacerbations. It turned out that, unlike conventional rhinoviruses, has spikes on the surface of the particles. This and other modifications of its surface to help explain why clinical trials have failed antiviral drugs when exposed to the specimen. Also found: 30% of the virus particles are empty and do not contain genetic material. Such particles are not able to cause infection, but may be immune Manco - distracting the body to fight the non-infectious virus particles, allowing the infectious agent in the body activated.