Among the types of pneumonia, right-sided pneumonia is much more common than bilateral or left-sided. This is due to the anatomical structure of the respiratory system: the lung on the right is smaller in size, but wider than the left, its location is obliquely downward. Such features make it possible for the pathological flora to freely penetrate into it. Right-sided pneumonia is dangerous, often requires immediate hospitalization in a hospital.
|By the location of the focus of inflammation||
Features of symptoms
Right-sided pneumonia is characterized by a rapid increase in symptoms, the course is acute. Symptoms depend on the stage and severity of pneumonia, but they are virtually indistinguishable from signs of other types of pneumonia:
- high temperature, which lasts for a long time, and reaches 39-40 degrees;
- fever with chills, during which the person may even be delirious;
- general weakness;
- blueness of the lips and fingertips;
The main distinguishing feature of the right-sided type of pneumonia is the localization of chest pain on the right.
In children, pneumonia develops rapidly, especially in newborn babies. Due to the not yet formed immunity, respiratory tract infections can enter the lung, and provoke infection, which can lead to extremely unpleasant consequences and complications. At the slightest suspicion of pneumonia in infants, children should be urgently hospitalized, and treatment should be started as soon as possible with broad-spectrum antibiotics. If parents observe shortness of breath, high fever, hoarseness, sweating and a wet cough in a child, this is a reason for them to immediately seek medical help.
Right chest pain
In adults, symptoms can be very diverse and manifest themselves with wheezing, coughing up sputum, a sick person complains of pain in the sternum during breathing, severe shortness of breath. The lower lobe form of the disease may develop, it proceeds almost asymptomatically for several days: without the manifestation of a strong cough and fever. Diagnosis of the disease is complicated, and if you do not start treatment for a long time, this can lead to complications. One of them can be pleuropneumonia, in which the upper, middle or lower lobes of the lung and its membranes (pleura) become inflamed. A sick patient develops pleurisy. The course of the disease is severe, most often it is provoked by a pneumococcal infection.
The reasons for the development of the disease
Most often, right-sided pneumonia can be transmitted by airborne droplets from a sick person or by activation of microorganisms in the respiratory tract. This happens with a decrease in immunity.
Pathogens that can cause right-sided pneumonia:
- hemophilic sticks;
- streptococci and staphylococci;
- legionella ;
- intestinal pathogens;
Diagnostic procedures for determining the disease:
- be sure to do an x-ray – to identify the size of the affected focus and its localization;
- sputum analysis is performed – for the content of pathogenic microorganisms;
- if necessary, a bronchoscopy is carried out – for examining the bronchi from the inside and for histological examination.
Only a pulmonologist or a therapist can correctly diagnose on the basis of the laboratory tests obtained.
Treatment of right-sided pneumonia
Treatment of any type of pneumonia, including right-sided, is carried out with antibiotics, for example, Levofloxacin , Amoxicillin, cephalosporin antibiotics . If recovery does not occur, sulfur-containing antibiotics are used. If the treatment does not work, the doctor will increase the dose or prescribe another antibiotic. Previously, the disease was treated with ordinary Penicillin, but now microorganisms have developed resistance to it, and this drug no longer gives positive results.
Sometimes viruses cause pneumonia, then an antibiotic will not help, a medicine is prescribed against bacteria, viruses in combination with immunomodulators. Antifungal medications are prescribed in case of fungal infection.
Symptomatic therapy is also used:
- antipyretic drugs – at a temperature;
- restorative therapy – with a decrease in immunity;
- the doctor may prescribe Mukaltin – this remedy is intended for sputum discharge;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- in case of severe anxiety, sedative tablets or syrups are prescribed;
- antibiotics negatively affect the intestinal microflora, so the doctor may prescribe probiotics: Enterojermina , Yoghurt in capsules, BioGaya , Linex and others to maintain the normal functioning of the intestines.
The course of treatment is determined only by the attending physician, who can also correct it. The duration of treatment can last at least two to three weeks, with complicated forms and more.
It is impossible to cure pneumonia with exclusively folk remedies, but you can combine herbal treatment with medication. For example, plantain, licorice are used to cough up phlegm. To raise immunity, a rosehip decoction is recommended, since it is saturated with vitamin C. A plentiful drink, green tea, herbal infusions, proper nutrition, enriched with vitamins, primarily vegetables and fruits, are recommended.
Under certain circumstances, the doctor may authorize home treatment, but the patient should be provided with appropriate out-of-hospital care. At home, patients under 60 years of age without concomitant diseases or people with mild uncomplicated pneumonia are treated.
When treating pneumonia, it is important to constantly get rid of sputum so that there is no re-infection. If the temperature does not drop, you should drink 3 liters of water per day to prevent intoxication. To avoid pulmonary edema, you should change the position of the body, move, exercise in bed. When the patient feels better, breathing exercises, squatting, bending over should be done. If a baby or a child under one year old is sick, it must be constantly turned over, change the position of the body or carried on the hands.
If treatment is started at the first symptoms, qualified medical care is provided, there will be no complications, and the patient is completely cured. If pneumonia is left untreated, it can be fatal.
Preventive measures include strengthening immunity from an early age, hardening, active movement, sports and outdoor recreation. Adults are advised to exclude bad habits that undermine the state of the immune system, quit smoking, drinking. Every day you need to try to do physical exercises, do morning exercises, get enough sleep, go to bed on time. If the body is strong, the immune system will prevent disease from developing.
- pleuropneumonia, which often causes an abscess, blood poisoning, peritonitis, meningitis;
- the transition of pneumonia to a chronic form, which is more difficult to cure;
- pulmonary insufficiency;
- after treatment of the total form, residual foci of inflammation may remain, which in the future can again provoke the development of the disease.