The presence of bronchial asthma brings certain limitations to the patient’s life. They are needed in order to avoid contact with triggers, provoking attacks and significantly violate breathing. A certain role is assigned to stress, as well as the presence of bad habits (including those of the closest environment). Some proteins of the habitual diet may become provocateurs of attacks if sensitization is formed to them. How to reduce the risk of seizures?
Bad habits and respiratory disorders: cigarettes, wipes
Naturally, asthmatics should immediately give up the bad habit, whether it be smoking cigarettes or wipes. Smoke components contain a mixture of irritants that come into contact with the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, supporting inflammation and provoking bronchospasm. In addition, smoke particles stimulate the production of more viscous and thick sputum, damage the cilia on the surface of the epithelium, which disrupts the drainage of the bronchi, provoke coughing and shortness of breath. If you do not give up the bad habit, the symptoms can increase even with the full treatment, and asthma attacks will be frequent and severe.
No less harmful, and the presence of similar habits among others, passive smoking for asthma is also dangerous. High concentrations of irritants, tar and carbohydrate oxides have a very negative effect on the respiratory tract.
To prevent sudden attacks of asthma, to protect the respiratory tract from exposure to tobacco smoke, there are a number of simple steps:
- When identifying bronchial asthma, you should immediately quit smoking, and also encourage family members to smoke.
- It is necessary to prohibit friends and relatives to smoke in the car, in the house and in the yard, where an asthmatic can contact with smoke particles.
- It is important not to visit public places where it is permissible to smoke hookahs and wipes (smoking cigarettes in these places is now prohibited).
Nutrition: role in respiratory failure
Although food allergies are not a frequent trigger of asthma, but reactions to Nutrition can lead to anaphylaxis, which includes difficulty breathing and swelling of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. People with asthma may find that certain foods cause symptoms of bronchial asthma along with other manifestations, such as urticaria, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and a rash around the mouth and other parts of the body. Asthma attacks, as a reaction to nutrition, are most common in children. If there are suspicions that food allergies provoke or aggravate attacks, it is important to consult with an allergist in order to pinpoint specific allergens and select the most effective preventive measures.
Food provocateurs of bronchial asthma and respiratory disorders
Specialists have identified common food triggers that can lead to respiratory disorders, worsening of the condition, if the patient has bronchial asthma.
Often, mollusks provoke reactions. In many cases, the patient or doctor himself can determine exactly which type of shellfish causes a reaction. Most patients with food allergies, if they react to shellfish, should simply eliminate them from their diet. You need to be careful with fried foods in fast food restaurants, as some places use the same oil for frying shrimp, chicken and french fries.
Soy foods can also often lead to allergies. If it is not possible to determine exactly which soy product is a trigger, it is best to avoid all types of soy food. Allergenic properties have soy proteins, which are actively used in the food industry, so it is not always easy to exclude soy from the diet. It is necessary to abandon the use of soy sauce, instant noodles and bouillon cubes, some types of flakes, as well as certain types of baking and sweets. It is important to carefully study the label, look for a mention on it that the product contains soy proteins.
Many people are allergic to other vegetable proteins found in red beans or string beans, black beans, chickpeas, lentils, carob, licorice and peanuts.
Dangerous food proteins
Nuts that also contain allergenic proteins can be dangerous for people with asthma. If a person suffers from allergies to nuts, you must strictly exclude from the diet the nuts themselves and a number of products containing them. This is the only way to prevent a reaction and an attack of bronchial asthma. In addition to nut butters and flour, foods that may contain nut ingredients and dangerous proteins include hydrolyzed vegetable proteins, nougat, marzipan, flakes, some national dishes, biscuits and other baked goods, sweets, whole grain bread, ice cream, and frozen desserts, energy bars and salad dressings.
The role of stress in the genesis of asthma attacks
Exposure to stress and anxiety can cause shortness of breath and worsen asthma symptoms. Of course, it is impossible to completely eliminate stress – this is part of everyday life. However, developing effective ways to deal with prolonged or severe stress can help prevent attacks.
It is important to identify the main factors that provoke stress in everyday life, such as financial problems, a crisis in relationships, nervous work, or conflicts with family members. If you cannot cope with these stressors alone, you should seek professional help or try to avoid situations that provoke physical or emotional stress.
There are a number of tips to help eliminate physical overload and emotional overstrain:
- It is important not to take on all the work, if it is possible to delegate part of the authority to others.
- Physical activity, the amount of which should be previously discussed with your doctor is a great way to get rid of accumulated stress.
- It is necessary to observe the regime of the day and get enough sleep. If a person does not sleep well, he will have less energy and internal resources to cope with stress. The formation of sleep habits is very important.
Family member support is needed – this is the most important buffer against stress. Family and friends can cheer up, help with household chores and tasks, help control treatment and medication.