Asthma is a serious illness that significantly impairs the patient’s quality of life. To maintain a satisfactory state of health, a person needs lifelong medication. Asthmatic attacks, accompanied by suffocation, most often require urgent medical attention.
Droppers for asthma help to quickly relieve bronchospasm, preventing complications from developing.
Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the bronchi that causes difficulty breathing. For bronchial asthma is characterized by a chronic course, with occasional attacks.
Causes of breathing disorders:
- obstruction of the bronchi as a result of the developed muscle spasm and tissue edema;
- the accumulation of viscous thick mucus, which blocks the lumen of the bronchi;
- with a long course of the disease, the tissues of the respiratory tract are modified.
With an exacerbation of the disease, an attack occurs, accompanied by significant difficulty in breathing, suffocation. Lack of oxygen can lead to negative and even fatal consequences.
That is why it is so important to quickly relieve acute conditions and constant supportive therapy to relieve asthmatic symptoms throughout life.
Features of the treatment of bronchial asthma
There are different ways to treat bronchial asthma. They are usually divided into 3 groups:
- Casual treatment.
- Pathogenetic treatment.
- Symptomatic treatment.
It consists in finding an allergen that causes an attack. This is helped by talking with the patient, taking anamnesis. Special skin tests are also done. At the same time, a solution with an allergen is injected into a small incision on the skin and the reaction is monitored.
A stress test that provokes an attack gives a good result. To do this, the patient is allowed to inhale an aerosol containing the suspected allergen in a hospital setting.
The easiest way to treat asthma is to eliminate the allergen from the patient’s life.
They switch to this type of treatment if, for any reason, it is impossible to protect the patient from exposure to an irritant that causes asthma attacks. Microdoses of the allergen are injected under the patient’s skin, and the body develops a gradual addiction to it. The dose is gradually increased.
The method is highly effective, but very laborious. The course must be repeated periodically. Moreover, this treatment is not suitable for everyone. In some cases, the opposite effect may be obtained instead of the expected improvement.
In the case of intractable attacks of bronchial asthma , intravenous injections of glucocorticoids are indicated, which inhibit the development of an allergic reaction.
It is aimed at eliminating the symptoms of bronchial asthma with the help of drugs.
First of all, drug therapy should help restore the patency of the bronchi and thereby ensure the possibility of full breathing.
In order to maintain the patient’s well-being for a long time, it is recommended to use inhalation.
Direct delivery of the drug directly to the lesion provides a more effective and faster action. The risk of adverse reactions is also reduced.
Methods of treatment, drugs and their dosage should be selected by the doctor, taking into account the characteristics of the patient and the severity of the disease. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable.
Relief of an asthma attack
An asthma attack can not only cause a variety of complications, but also threaten the patient’s life. To minimize these risks, it is important to relieve the condition of suffocation as soon as possible.
Moreover, the earlier the drug enters the bloodstream, the sooner bronchospasm will stop and the less oxygen deprivation will last.
Medicines used for an asthmatic attack differ in their mechanism of action:
- Andrenomimetics . There are selective and general actions. Non-selective include Adrenaline and Ephedrine. They are highly effective, but due to side effects they are not recommended for use. Selective drugs have a milder effect on the human body. For moderate seizures, inhalation drugs are prescribed. Tablets in this case are ineffective, since their effect is manifested after a certain period of time.
- Theophyllines. In severe cases (with an attack) in a hospital with severe suffocation, intravenous administration of the drug is recommended.
In extreme cases, if it is necessary to urgently stop an attack or if the patient is unresponsive to the action of other drugs, corticosteroids are prescribed. You need to know that the dosage of this drug is calculated by the doctor individually.
The effectiveness of intravenous injections for asthma attacks
There are different treatment regimens, depending on the severity of the asthmatic attack. In mild cases, with a slight spasm of the bronchi, medications are prescribed that enter the body through inhalation.
But when an attack of suffocation is so strong that it begins to threaten the patient’s life, more radical measures are required. Intravenous administration provides a rapid flow of the drug into the bloodstream, and therefore a quick result. The patient’s condition stabilizes much faster.
The introduction of drugs into a vein increases the effectiveness of therapy several times. Of the minuses, it should be noted that this method is not suitable for independent use. Mandatory supervision by medical personnel is required, as well as special skills for installing a catheter and connecting a dropper.
Intravenous drugs for asthmatic attacks
In case of a severe attack of bronchial asthma, the ambulance team may decide on intravenous administration of the drug. For the correct prescription of the medication, it is important for the doctor to know what measures have already been taken to stop the attack.
The dropper must be supplied by a person with medical education.
First of all, intravenous administration of Ephedrine is practiced to quickly relieve suffocation. It quickly relieves the patient’s condition, as it effectively relieves bronchospasm. After 8 minutes, breathing becomes freer. If there is no improvement, re-introduction is allowed.
In cases where the symptoms of an asthmatic attack are similar to those of a heart attack, it is risky to administer Ephedrine, as it can harm the patient. For such cases, use the drug Euphyllin. It is often used in conjunction with cardiac glycosides.
In cases where the attack cannot be stopped by an ambulance, emergency hospitalization is indicated. In a hospital setting, an intravenous jet injection of Prednisolone or Dexamethasone is prescribed. If after 30 minutes the drug does not work, Euphyllin is re-administered. The effects of this drug often become more effective precisely after the administration of glucocorticoids.
With the correct implementation of all the instructions, the patient quickly becomes easier, and the attack passes.
Prevention of asthma exacerbations
Every patient with bronchial asthma knows that it is easier to prevent an attack than to try to stop it. Exacerbation prevention is a series of activities that should be part of a person’s daily routine.
To maintain his health, the patient must:
- Ventilate the room where it is often.
- Walk more. Physical activity has a beneficial effect on the state of the respiratory system.
- Eliminate contact with allergens.
- Give up smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Develop the respiratory system with the help of special breathing exercises.
- Avoid stress, both physical and psychological.
- Do not self-medicate, strictly follow all the recommendations of your doctor.
It is important to remember that any disease is easier to prevent. This is especially important for diseases, exacerbations of which can threaten human life.