Bronchial asthma – This is a serious disease that interferes with normal breathing. due to inflammation, edema and sputum formation, the lumen of the bronchi leading to the lungs is narrowed.
Causes of Asthma
An asthma attack may be caused by the following allergens:
- pollen of plants animal hair (cats, dogs, horses, birds), dust, food, mold spores;
- viruses and bacteria;
- exhaust gases, perfume, tobacco smoke;
- drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Symptoms of asthma:
Symptoms of asthma can be different: from slight difficulty in breathing, wheezing and coughing to shortness of breath, chest tightness and attacks of breathlessness. The main symptom of an asthmatic attack is difficulty breathing out. When coughing, which is accompanied by wheezing or difficulty breathing should consult a doctor. If the diagnosis has already been made, but you need to use the inhaler more often than was prescribed, you should contact your doctor. If symptoms increase or do not go away within 24-48 hours, emergency medical care and hospitalization may be required.
If you have a choking attack, call an ambulance immediately!
What you need to know about bronchial asthma
First of all, you should consult with your doctor, be examined, identify allergens and get the necessary therapy and recommendations.
If you know which allergens can cause a seizure. asthma, follow these guidelines:
– Reduce contact with allergens as much as possible: if it is possible to leave for another geographic zone during flowering, take advantage of this opportunity.
– You or your family should keep your living room clean every day, especially during the flowering period.
– Do not appear on the street early in the morning – this is the time of the greatest “dusting” of plants.
– Pay attention to the diet: it should not be products that can cause an asthma attack.
– Do not carry clothes made of synthetic fabrics.
– Try to communicate less with your pets (cats and dogs), although it is difficult, make them less in your room, in contact with your clothes.
– Avoid contact with smokers, cigarette smoke or its smell can trigger an attack.
– It is mandatory to keep asthma drugs “at hand”, learn how to use an inhaler.
– It is necessary that a person suffering from asthma and his family have as much information about asthma as possible from reliable sources.
– You must have a treatment plan. You must know the symptoms of an asthma attack, it is desirable to have written instructions on what to do in an emergency.
– Make sure that there is someone else in your family besides you, who knows where the necessary medications are, how, in what quantity, and in what sequence to take them, and what to do in case of emergency.
– During an asthma attack, follow a predetermined plan of action. Stay calm, inhale several times and use the inhaler. When the first symptoms of an attack appear, take action immediately.
– Stay fit. You need to control your asthma so that you can play sports.
– Visit your doctor regularly for tests and assessments of your condition.