Aerosols for bronchial asthma – the most effective form of medication. With the help of a metered spray from a can, the drug is delivered directly to the destination – the bronchi. In addition, the aerosol fine form of the drug does not affect the rest of the body, like pills or injections, and does not take time to deliver the drug to the destination. This is especially important when rendering first aid for asthma attacks, when such time may not be.
The procedure for using the inhaler
It is important to learn how to properly take aerosol medication for bronchial asthma. Do everything in order:
- Shake the can well before use to achieve uniformity of the preparation.
- Remove the protective cap from the mouthpiece.
- Turn the device with the mouthpiece down.
- Exhale deeply to release the bronchi to take the drug.
- Tilt your head back a little and take the mouthpiece with your lips.
- Start inhaling and simultaneously press the balloon while continuing to inhale.
- Hold for a couple of seconds breath, let the medicine settle.
Yes, there is a problem – not all patients can successfully synchronize their inhalation with pressing the device, because of this, there may be a loss of the drug and a violation of the required dosage. Especially for children and patients with bronchial asthma from moderate severity, there are convenient devices – spacers. They join a can of medicine and help take the right dose.
Types of drugs for the treatment of bronchial asthma
Main medicines that are currently used to treat bronchial asthma are divided into two groups:
- Bronchodilator drugs.
Their purpose is to eliminate spasm of the muscle tissue of the bronchi, the formation of a normal lumen for air circulation. These drugs are: asthmopent, berodual, ventolin, salbutamol, etc. The administration of drugs of this group is forced, as it is used in acute cases – during attacks of bronchial asthma. Their use testifies to incorrectly chosen treatment tactics, or to its violation. It is necessary to carefully monitor the correct use of bronchodilators. Careless use leads to a deterioration of the patient’s health and further ineffectiveness of treatment with this drug.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs – aerosols for bronchial asthma.
They are the main treatment. They have a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect and, when properly selected, the dosage and pattern of use help control the course of the disease. These drugs are flixotide, beklason, serevent, seretid, symbicort, singular etc. The effect is noticeable on the 5-6th day from the beginning of the reception. The treatment is long and permanent. To prevent a possible complication from taking anti-inflammatory aerosols – oral candidiasis – after each use, rinse your mouth with boiled water.