Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease. Asthma is characterized by complete or partial obstruction of the bronchi, as a result of which asthma attacks regularly occur and heavy breathing with a whistling sound is observed.
Causes of bronchial asthma
The cause of asthma determines the type of disease. Exogenous asthma develops when exposed to the bronchial walls of various allergens. These include pet hair, pollen, pet mites that live in dust and have microscopic dimensions, mold, polluted atmosphere, etc. The cause of endogenous asthma is various infections, mental or emotional stress, exposure to low temperatures and other factors that contribute to the triggering of allergic reactions of the body.
Also, internal causes are a violation of the balance of the nervous system and metabolic processes in the body that impede the normal formation of mucus in the bronchi. The effect of one or another irritating factor clogs the bronchi with mucus, and from this moment the nerve factor is added. Together, these disorders contribute to seizures. In some cases, the cause may be an untreated disease of the respiratory system.
Signs, symptoms of bronchial asthma
One of the main symptoms of bronchial asthma is the person’s characteristic posture during the attack: the patient leans forward, trying to find support and fix the shoulder girdle (for example, lean your elbows on the table). Other symptoms appear as follows:
- at night and in the morning, the patient experiences painful coughing attacks that do not allow him to sleep normally;
- sputum is excreted during coughing;
- heaviness, constriction is felt in the chest area, a full breath is very difficult or impossible;
- wheezing, wheezing or buzzing sounds made during breathing are heard not only by the doctor performing the examination, but also by the patient himself;
- the patient suffers from shortness of breath, not only as a result of great physical exertion, but also after a short walk, any domestic activities, inclines throughout the body, etc.
Often, depending on the individual characteristics of the body, such as bronchial asthma and general health, other signs may be present. Among them – heartburn, tears, a sensation of acid in the mouth, the discharge of mucus from the nose, skin inflammation or rashes.
Despite the fairly characteristic signs indicating asthma, you should still not be diagnosed and even more so treated independently, neglecting the advice of a doctor. Only a qualified specialist can accurately determine the presence, type of disease and prescribe an effective treatment for bronchial asthma on time.