Bronchial asthma is a chronic ailment that affects the respiratory tract. To remove the signs characteristic of this disease, the patient is prescribed long-term therapy. When choosing a medical complex, the individual characteristics of the patient, the severity of the pathology and the intensity of allergic manifestations are taken into account . Diet for asthma also matters. Correction of the diet and drinking regimen in case of bronchial damage is carried out by the attending physician. An allergen can penetrate through household contact and airborne droplets.
Asthma is often treated throughout life. To eliminate it, a course intake of specific medicines is required . Alternative medicine methods are also used for asthma . Through a special diet, you can:
- accelerate recovery;
- prevent the development of complications;
- stop the inflammatory process;
- restore the lack of vitamins, dietary fiber and trace elements;
- relieve symptoms;
- stabilize metabolic metabolism;
- reduce the risk of an allergic reaction.
Patients suffering from asthma are credited with treatment table # 9. The diet includes foods that have a positive effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. To achieve a positive effect in the treatment of asthma, hot dishes must be steamed, by stewing and boiling. The original ingredients are specially processed.
The diet of a patient suffering from asthma must include:
- fresh vegetables and fruits;
- lean meat (veal, rabbit, turkey);
- black bread.
For beverages, the recommended asthma, rank fruit fresh juices , fresh juices, weak tea, herbal teas, cooked based on medicinal herbs. Cereals, dietetic breads and citrus fruits are classified as neutral foods. The diet for asthma has its own characteristics:
- The number of meals is increased and the serving size is decreased.
- The maximum daily salt intake is 6-8 grams.
- The diet should be varied.
Foods included in the diet of an allergic person contain a large amount of vital elements. Fatty acids are present in butter (butter and vegetable). With regular use of apples, pectin enters the body of an asthma patient. Green vegetables are a source of organic compounds that can help relieve muscle spasms.
Magnesium, calcium and phosphorus can be found in cereals, sesame seeds and dairy products. They are necessary in order to reduce the permeability of the mucous membranes in asthma. Citruses contain ascorbic acid, through which they get rid of free radicals. To neutralize the oxidative process, the following is introduced into the diet of a person suffering from asthma:
- currants of different varieties;
The immune system in asthma is strengthened with meals made of carrots, leafy greens, peppers and broccoli. Cereals contain vitamin E, yoghurts and cheese contain zinc.
What foods are prohibited
The list of prohibited products contains the following products:
- tomato, strawberry, grapes;
- sour cream;
- smoked meats;
- coffee, cocoa, kvass;
- mushrooms, nuts;
- sparkling water;
- spices, spices;
- fat meat;
Before introducing products, you should consult a dietitian and pulmonologist. Ignoring their recommendations is fraught with accelerated progression of asthma. The listed products may contain tyramine , histamine, glutamate , nitrite. They are often found in semi-finished products, canned food and additives ( flavors , dyes). These substances can cause allergies, and subsequently an asthmatic attack. When signs of asthma appear, the patient is prescribed tests to determine the product that caused the allergy.
Features of drawing up a diet
Diet food for asthma is selected taking into account all possible allergens. By means of this measure, the risk of negative consequences is minimized. A patient with a history of asthma should eat in full accordance with the regimen prescribed by the attending physician. In this case, the patient is obliged to keep a special diary.
Foods that can harm asthmatics should be replaced. This primarily concerns sugar. Instead, saccharin or xylitol is added to the tea. Lack of salt is masked with vegetable oil. Milk for asthma is combined with soy. Usually the diet lasts no more than one month. This time is enough to detect the allergen that triggered the exacerbation of asthma.
A diet for asthma is made up, focusing on the data of a medical examination. Food is taken in accordance with the meal schedule. Breakfast includes fruits, cereals, dairy products, tea and freshly squeezed juices. Lunch can consist of low-fat chicken broth, rusks, fish and compote. Before going to bed, the patient is given kefir with buns prepared with the addition of cottage cheese and cinnamon.
To avoid allergies, asthmatics will have to give up sugar. Otherwise, the hypersensitivity of the mucous membranes increases and the risk of edema increases. Garlic and onions are also prohibited foods for asthma. Therefore, they cannot be consumed without prior heat treatment.
During pregnancy and lactation
Pregnant and lactating women with asthma require more micro and macro elements, proteins and vitamins. To get the daily rate of vital compounds, the patient should regularly eat fresh vegetables, fruits and berries.
Nutritional correction for asthma will not be enough, therefore, a woman is prescribed vitamin-mineral complexes that contain folates , iron, magnesium, vitamin B6, zinc and calcium. The amount of fluid taken must be regulated. Drinking plenty of fluids provokes the appearance of edema, which reduces physical activity. With the timely intake of nutrients, the composition of breast milk improves, which has a beneficial effect on the condition of the baby.
Drinking plenty of fluids
Minor patients suffer more from the negative effects of allergens than others. Most often, negative reactions occur due to tyramine and histamine. Therefore, children with a history of asthma should not be given hard cheese, canned food, beef sausage, smoked meats, and sauerkraut.
Spices and seasonings should not be added to baby food. They speed up the blood flow, which is why the infection quickly spreads throughout the body. The younger the child, the easier it is to identify the allergen that triggered the exacerbation of asthma. This is due to the fact that older children have a more varied diet. The baby should be fed 5-6 times a day. This diet helps to stabilize the general condition of asthma.
Parents should make sure that their toddler with asthma is getting enough carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and fats. With a hypoallergenic diet, the patient’s body receives less easily digestible carbohydrates. Often they are the ones that cause asthma exacerbation. The list of dishes that will be useful for asthma includes:
- boiled or stewed meat;
- steamed vegetable stew.
Instead of tea in case of illness, it is recommended to use non-carbonated mineral water and freshly squeezed juices.
Example of a finished menu
A person who has asthma should eat porridge with butter, low-fat cottage cheese, or vegetable salad for breakfast . Lunch should consist of cabbage soup, borscht, or rice soup. For the second, it is allowed to serve vegetable stew, boiled potatoes with sea fish, cabbage rolls. Dinner should be light: a glass of kefir or fermented baked milk, yogurt (without sugar), compote. An approximate menu is made taking into account the age, weight and height of the patient. They also take into account the existing chronic pathologies and the allergen that provoked asthma.
When preparing food for an asthma patient, it is necessary to follow the recipes recommended by the attending physician. To steam meat and vegetables, you need the following ingredients:
- lean beef;
- cabbage (cauliflower and broccoli);
The first three components are taken in the same proportion, the oil is added to taste. After preliminary preparation, the meat is steamed. This stage takes 35 to 40 minutes. Then put chopped vegetables into a slow cooker. Butter is used last.
For compote, you need a few medium-sized apples and 1/2 sugar. 2.5-3 liters of water are poured into a saucepan . Then the liquid is brought to a boil. Fruits are washed, cut into several pieces. They are placed in boiling water. To improve the taste, citric acid can be added to the finished composition. The fire under the pan is extinguished as soon as the compote boils. The drink is allowed to be drunk cool or warm.
A balanced diet for asthma is a prerequisite for both children and adults. Failure to comply leads to an accelerated progression of this disease. Every day a person should receive 2300-2500 kilocalories. This avoids obesity and the consequences of metabolic disorders.