This is a condition that requires emergency care, as it seriously threatens the life of a sick person. Below you will learn what it is, what the symptoms are, and how to remove bronchospasms in adults and children.
Recognize the danger
Most often, bronchospasms appear as complications in a person suffering from chronic obstructive bronchitis or bronchial asthma. Sometimes the disease develops after anaphylactic or allergic shock, but only in people with weak bronchial walls. Some people are predisposed to him from early childhood. And the cause of the development of bronchospasm are diseases such as adenoids, laryngitis, pollinosis, rhinitis, bronchitis. Allergy, strong emotion, physical exertion, strong smell can cause an attack.
Here are the main signs of bronchospasm:
Rapidly developing dyspnea, which can develop into asphyxiation. It is difficult for a person to breathe, he inhales, but does not breathe out to the end, which is why carbon dioxide accumulates in the lungs.
The patient sits on the edge, resting his hands on the seat and trying to inhale as much air as possible.
The skin gets a bluish tinge, the face and neck become puffy.
How can I help you?
If you find all these symptoms in a person who is near you, act immediately.
Use the inhaler, if the patient has it, let him inhale two or three times;
Introduce aminophylline into the vein;
Put the dropper with saline and two milliliters of prednisone or dexamethasone. Jet injection;
If there is no result, add 1 ml of ephedrine or adrenaline to the dropper;
Call an ambulance or doctor (if you are in the hospital).
How to remove bronchospasms in a child?
The first thing you have to do is neutralize the irritant (take the child to another room, preferably to fresh air). Wash him if possible – nasal pharynx. Free your rib cage from tight clothes, give a half-sitting position. Give medicine or make inhalation with a bronchodilator effect. A warm, expectorant drink is appropriate. If the attack does not go away within an hour, call a doctor or go to the hospital.
Remember that with bronchospasms it is strictly forbidden to take sedatives, antihistamines, cough medicines, use honey, untested herbs, odorous ointments. Otherwise, the patient’s condition may worsen and be complicated by an allergic reaction.