Acne, pimples or acne is a fairly common skin disease on the face, back, which can occur not only in adolescents, but also in adult men and women.
The appearance of acne, including at the age of 25+, is associated with increased work of the sebaceous glands that produce sebum – sebum. With excessive secretion of sebum, a dense layer of fat, mixed with keratinized particles of the epithelium and dust, clogs into the pores, thereby causing and maintaining inflammation.
THE CAUSES OF THE APPEARANCE OF ACNE (ACNE, ACNE) ON THE BODY, FACE IN ADULTS WOMEN AND MEN OVER 25 YEARS OLD, AS A REGULATION, ARE DUE TO:
- the presence of hormonal problems;
- frequent stress and psycho-emotional stress, including sleep problems;
- gynecological diseases in women, urological diseases in men;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- taking certain medications;
- frequent insolation (solarium, direct sunlight);
- bad habits and working conditions;
- poor or improper skin hygiene.
All of the above reasons to some extent stimulate the sebaceous gland, which leads to increased secretion of sebum and provokes the appearance of acne in an adult.
In women, the rate of secretion of sebum (sebum) may increase due to an increase in the blood levels of certain hormones, for example, during pregnancy or lactation. Fluctuations in hormonal levels during the menstrual cycle are reflected in the secretion of sebum, when the corpus luteum functions – a temporary endocrine gland formed at the site of the release of the egg from the ovary. The hormones it produces activate the work of the sebaceous glands, which creates the prerequisites for the formation of “menstrual acne”.
In men, the possible cause of acne is most often either an increased level of male sex hormones – androgens, or a hereditary increased sensitivity to androgens of skin receptors, which in any case leads to hypersecretion of sebum. Acne in athletes can be caused by taking anabolic steroids.
The neurogenic factor also plays an important role in the mechanism of the onset and development of acne in adult men and women. This is due to the fact that in the dermis predisposed to various kinds of rashes there are many nerve endings, each of which is surrounded by mast cells – mastocytes. Under stress, they release inflammatory mediators into the blood (heparin, histamine, serotonin, etc.), which increase the content of androgens in both men and women. In addition, in response to various irritations, these nerve endings secrete neuropeptides that also stimulate the activity of the sebaceous glands.
By the way, not only the disease itself can provoke skin rashes, but also the use of medications, for example, some antidepressants, steroids cause “drug acne”.
Incorrectly performed cosmetic procedures or cosmetics containing comedonogenic ingredients, such as lanolin, can also give an undesirable effect.
Additional factors that provoke the appearance of acne can be frequent and prolonged exposure to open sunlight, because. ultraviolet radiation suppresses local immunity; a sharp decrease or increase in body weight, as well as tight clothing, because hair follicles, which are closely related to the sebaceous glands, become inflamed from constant friction or pressure.
It should be clarified that most often acne in adulthood appears in owners of a certain type of skin, namely:
- Those who have oily skin from birth – dense skin, has enlarged pores and a dull color due to hyperkeratosis; after washing, it starts to shine after a couple of hours.
- Or combination skin, in which different areas of the face have different skin types. The T-zone has oily areas with enlarged pores, while the U-zone of the face has normal or dry areas.
TREATMENT OF ACNE AND ACNE ON THE FOREHEAD, ON THE FACE AT THE NOSE, BACK IN WOMEN AND MEN IN ADULTS
The key to success in the treatment of acne in an adult on the forehead, face, back, first of all, is a diagnosis that allows you to identify the true causes of acne in a man or woman, which will have to be dealt with in the first place. To solve this problem, specialists of various specialties of our clinic are armed with modern professional equipment and advanced diagnostic techniques.
After the examination, you can begin the next stage of the fight against hated acne – the treatment of identified diseases. The clinical base of the center and a wide staff of doctors make it possible in each case to develop and conduct an individual course of therapy, both systemic and local.
Our site of aesthetic medicine offers a wide range of professional medical cosmetic procedures that can help adult men and women forget about acne for a long time and restore a healthy look to the skin: atraumatic manual combined facial cleansing, chemical and laser peels, mesotherapy, biorevitalization and bioreparation, microcurrents, acne treatment FOTONA laser, professional and home care programs using highly effective enzymatic cosmetic preparations, etc.
In addition, we have the most modern methods of laser correction of scars and stagnant spots after acne – to solve these problems, the clinic has 4 laser machines.